Europe

IIASA research has been providing science-based insights to inform policy at national and regional levels across Europe since its inception in 1972. In 2018, IIASA researchers continued their work on issues affecting countries in the European neighborhood by, among others, developing new tools to help with the forecasting of population and migration trends, and assist with decision making under uncertainty.

Selected highlights

Enhancing resilience to systemic risk

The chance that the collapse of one institution leads to the collapse of an entire system is known as systemic risk. IIASA researchers investigated this emergent phenomenon in networks and suggested approaches to its management.

Mainstreaming extreme risk into fiscal and budgetary planning

Climate change is having a visible impact on biological, physical, and human systems and this trend will likely continue into the future. Longer-term fiscal assessments will be crucial for public authorities to be adequately prepared for increasing climate-related risks.

The finance risks and opportunities of decarbonization

If financial markets become more long-term oriented, they could potentially become a catalyst for action on sustainability. In 2018, IIASA scientists collaborated with international banks and researchers from other institutions to assess the financial implications of deep decarbonization strategies.